Agriculture, Livestock and Fishing
The final result of the balance of the agricultural sector in 2018 in Malaga can be described as very good compared to the figures of the previous year. The total turnover of the agricultural sector in Malaga reaches 803.78 million euros in 2018, with an increase of 8.79% over the previous year (738.81 million euros), and very close to the turnover record of 2016, when the best data recorded in the province were obtained (828.53 million euros).
One of the reasons for this improvement with respect to 2017 is the increase in rainfall, although we must also note that, when it rains torrentially in certain phases of the year, there have been damages, especially in infrastructure that affects the sector.
It should also be mentioned that, despite being favorable total agricultural turnover, and while agriculture improves its figure by 10.62% compared to 2017, with an economic volume at the end of the year of 694.9 million (compared to 628.17 of the previous year), the same does not happen with livestock, whose turnover drops 1.6%, standing at 108.88 million euros, a figure very similar to 2016.
By crops, the olive grove remains one of the majority crops in Malaga (130,000 Ha), and its turnover for 2018 has closed with an amount of 254.56 million euros between olive oil and table olives, which is a historical record . The turnover in olive oil has been 42% higher than in 2017 with 216.03 million euros, thanks above all to the abundant production and the best prices. As for the table olive, a historical record has also been broken. The sector has reached 60,200 tons. In addition, turnover has increased by 31% compared to 2017, with 38.53 million, beating record turnover and price.
We can observe a 4% increase in citrus production, from 65.59 million euros in 2017 to 68.45 million in 2018.
With regard to horticultural crops, it is worth noting a decrease of more than 33 million euros compared to 2017, reaching 152.84 million euros, and falling to a level not seen in the last 10 years.
Worthy of special mention in 2018 is the increase in the turnover of the olive grove, with 40% more, and the tropical ones with 7.18%, offsetting the decline in horticultural crops – with a fall of 18% -, with special reference to the decrease of the tomato, which concentrates 50% of the descent.
Characteristic products of the Axarquía are avocado and mango. Avocado production has billed a total of 120 million euros, almost 6% more than in 2017.
Mango, on the other hand, continues its upward cycle, producing 36,000 tons and billing 30 million euros. However, the price has suffered due to increased competition.
The Axarquía is consolidated as a European reference in the cultivation and sale of tropical, thanks to the subtropical climate of the area. The vast majority of production is dedicated to export to Europe.
Market garden, citrus fruits, nuts, vineyards and arable crops
As for the Malaga market garden, its production has been reduced compared to the previous year with a general decrease in turnover in almost all products. Horticultural crops and tubers have billed 152.84 million euros, with a decrease in turnover of more than 33 million euros, mainly due to tomato that groups 42% of the sector decrease.
On the other hand, Malaga has historically been considered a fertile land for citrus cultivation, being the fourth Andalusian province after Seville, Huelva and Córdoba. In 2018, citrus fruits have increased their growth compared to the previous year by 4%, with a total of 68.45 million euros in turnover. The main ones have been lemon, with 4,134 hectares cultivated, and orange, with 4,112, followed by mandarins and clementines, with 1,700 hectares. By billing, the ranking of the lemon, with 43.66 million euros, is followed, followed by orange (18.04) and tangerine (6.75).
On the other hand, the vineyard shows low levels of turnover, due to the decrease registered by the passport grape, in production and prices, very similar to those of 2017. The sector has invoiced 3.53 million euros in the last year, of which 2.10 correspond to the wine grape, 900,000 euros to table grapes and 500,000 euros to the raisin.
As for nuts, the almond tree is the most important, with 16,000 hectares cultivated, which produced 3,700 tons of almonds last year, reaching a turnover of 5.66 million. It is followed by chestnut, with 3,900 hectares, which are concentrated in the Serranía de Ronda. This sector invoices about six million euros and produces 3,200 tons.
The Serranía de Ronda also maintains a very significant production of cork, which sets its production at 4,700 tons, exceeding 4,000 last year.
Finally, arable crops have had a positive evolution this year, with a registered increase of 40% more than in 2017 when 28.92 million euros were billed.
General Assessment of the Livestock Sector
During 2018, the livestock sector has seen its turnover reduced by 1.59%, from 110.64 million euros in 2017 to 108.88 million in this year.
The milk goat has a turnover of 35.64 million, while the meat goat, with 7.28 million (8.43 in 2017) presents its worst record since 2002. The rest of the sectors have not shown a good performance either. Milk cattle, for example, have billed 2.14 million.
Assessment of the Malaga Fishing Sector
Fishing production in the province of Malaga in 2018 has experienced a slight increase. Fundamentally, 9.76% in auctioned tonnage, and 2.3% in economic valuation, quantifying in 7,709,373.08 tons and a commercialized value of 22,849,258.89 euros. This represents 15.95% of the tons auctioned in the whole of the Andalusian fish markets, and 14.65% of the total value sold in the region, so this year, as mentioned, has been favorable for the fleet fishery of Malaga. From the data obtained from the different markets in the province, there is only a decrease in production in Marbella and Fuengirola.
The fish market in Caleta de Vélez continues to be the main fishing market in the province, by selling 3,386,413.78 tons, with a value of 9,102,482.44 euros, which represents more than 40% of production and turnover in the provincial scope.
It is interesting to remember the great value of the catches of Malaga lies in their freshness and quality. The fishing sector in the province employs a thousand people, including shipowners and fishermen, although it must be borne in mind that, for various reasons, the sector has lost more than a hundred ships since 2005.