Agriculture, Livestock and Fishing
On balance, this sector’s performance in 2017 can be described as favourable, though to a certain degree, since there was a decrease of 10.82% in the turnover -738.81 million euros- with respect to the preceding year.
It is, however, true that the 2016 campaign was one of the best agrarian campaigns of recent years, with a turnover of 828.53 million euros.
The small size of agri-food companies in general, the build-up of supply, the adaptation to the global market’s needs, or the conquer of new foreign markets, as well as the consolidation of existing ones are some of the obstacles that the Malaga countryside still need to overcome.
The sector’s total turnover decline of the sector is, however, cushioned by a small increase in livestock production. Thus, after overcoming the fall of the preceding years, the livestock sector’s closed 2017 with a slight increase of 2.6%
The olive grove (181.41 million euros, a decrease of 27.48% with respect to 2016) is still one of the main crops in Malaga (130,000 Ha), although, this past year it was replaced by the vegetable and root crop, which became, last year, the strongest one, with a production of 186.52 million euro and a total cultivated area of 8,860 Ha.
A considerable decrease in citrus production was also observed, going from a production in 2016 of 92.76 million euros to 65.59 million euros in 2017. That is to say, with a decrease of 29.29%.
Therefore, industrial, arable, horticultural and tuber crops are the only ones that showed growth rates. On the contrary, and with a great specific weight in the cultivation, olive groves, subtropical crops, citrus fruits, other fruits and vineyards reduced their production.
Despite the diversity of the different crops’ productions, there has not been an increase in the final billing for 2017. By sector, the decrease of the olive oil is especially noticeable (27.48%).
2017 wasn’t the greatest year for the olive grove, particularly for the lack of rainfall. A total of 47,068 tonnes of oil and 48,973 tonnes of table olives were produced in 2017.
Another typical product of the Axarquia is the avocado. 46,000 tonnes were produced in 2017 in the area, with a turnover of 119,45 million euros, which meant a slight decrease of 4.88% compared to the turnover of the preceding year. The mango, meanwhile, increased its production compared to 2016, producing 22,000 tonnes and billing 26.4 million euros.
The lomquat maintains its production of 2,000 tonnes, whereas its turnover falls to 2.66 million euros in 2017.
In closing, the Axarquia is consolidated as a European benchmark in the cultivation and sale of tropical produce thanks to the area’s climate. Most of the production is exported to the rest of Europe.
Market Produce, Citrus Fruit, Dried Fruit, Vineyards and Arable Crops
As for Malaga’s market produce, production increased with regard to the previous year by 3.15% with a generalised rise in turnover for almost all products. Tomato production generated the largest increase, with a turnover of 53.25 million euros, which represents 30.9% of the total Malaga’s horticultural sector turnover.
Malaga has historically been considered a fertile land for the cultivation of citrus fruits, being the fourth Andalusian province after Seville, Huelva and Cordoba. However, citrus have suffered a decline in their growth compared to the previous year, experienced a decrease of 29.29% -from 92.76 to 65.59 million euros-. The lemon maintains a similar turnover with 38.88 million euros, and an area of 4,134 Ha cultivated.
For their part, vineyards experimented a fall in turnover by 16.8% -3.45 million euros- when compared to 2016. This was mainly due to a drop in production caused by a lack of rainfall.
The production of dried fruit also decreased slightly with a turnover figure amounting to 9.86 million euros, a 18,3% fall compared to 2016.
Cork production in the Serrania de Ronda area slightly increased: 4,000 tonnes this year compared to the 3,900 tonnes of 2016.
Lastly, arable crops evolved positively this year, with a 14.5% turnover increase. Farmers invoiced 25.24 million euros for this kind of product in 2016, whereas a turnover figure of 28.92 million euros was recorded in the year 2017.
General Assessment of the Livestock Sector
The livestock sector’s outcome was positive in 2017. Turnover amounted to 110.64 million euros, accounting for a 2.86% increase compared to the preceding year.
White pork and caprine had the highest specific weight in terms of turnover, with 41.01 and 43.97 million euros, respectively, for their annual amount.
Assessment of the Malaga Fishing Sector
In terms of fishing production in Malaga in 2017, the tonnage auctioned off fell by 9.18% with respect to 2016 but there was a 20.61% increase in its value, which amounted to 7,023,496.62 tonnes, and sales totalled 22.33 million euros. This figure accounts for 14.59% of the tonnage auctioned off in all Andalusian wholesale fish markets and 14.89% of total sales in the region.
Said fall came about in all the wholesale markets in the province, apart from Marbella.
The market at Caleta de Velez is still the province’s main wholesale fish market. It sold 2,959,438.04 tonnes of fish products amounting to 8,683,432.88 million euros, which accounts for almost a 40% of the province’s production and more than 40% of its turnover.
The greatest value of the Malaga fish is its freshness and quality. The fishing sector in the province employs a thousand people, including ship owners and fishermen.
In conclusion, in 2017 less fish was caught due to the biological stops of the purse seine and trawl, whereas the income was higher because fish had a greater value in the fish markets.
Agri-Food Product Exports
The sales outside our borders of agri-food products bearing the Malaga signature represent just over half of the total exports of the province.
The main product continues to be Extra Virgin Olive Oil -285 million euros-, with its own Taric code since January 1, 2017, which in turn represents 52.34% of total annual exports.
In a second place we find fresh or dried avocados -240 million euros- with a growth with respect to 2016 of 20.7%, contributing 10.95% of the total volume exported in 2017. We can relate this data with the strong presence in the international market of fruit companies in Malaga, specifically those of the Axarquia.
It is necessary to highlight the growth in two non-EU countries such as China and the United States, where exports have multiplied by 20, while they have tripled in Japan and Sweden, and doubled in Germany and the United Kingdom.