Port of Malaga
Total traffic at the Port of Malaga in 2017 reached 2,9 million tonnes, which means a consolidation of the activity in relation to the previous year.
In the aforementioned exercise, the reconversion of the port through its commitment to agri-food traffic and the search for new business models, as well as the development of commercial strategies to continue strengthening cruise traffic and the connection with North Africa were the main lines of work developed.
More specifically, container traffic increased by 2.5% with respect to the preceding year, -with 488,707 tons-. In terms of bulk traffic, liquids and solids are differentiated. In the first case, the port area moved 134,508 tons during 2017, mainly diesel oil and olive oil. Regarding solid bulk, it reached 1.6 million tons last year, highlighting agri-food bulk traffic.
Furthermore, passenger traffic between the ports of Malaga and Melilla amounted to 298,886 passengers in 2016, a 7.6% rise when compared to 2016. Passenger vehicles, or, in other words, the vehicles accompanying said passengers on their trips, reached a total figure of 37,925 units, an increase of 6.3% compared to 2016.
If we focus on cruise passengers, a total of 509,644 passengers arrived at the port over the course of 2017 on board of 299 ships, showing increases of 18.2% and 14.7%, respectively, when compared to the previous year.
Malaga-Costa del Sol airport recorded a total of 18,628,876 passengers in 2017, (11,7% more visitors than the precedent year), 137,092 flight operations (10,8% more than in the precedent year) and 2,866 tonnes of goods cargo. The aerodrome, thus, has again broken its own record in terms of number of passengers.
The United Kingdom was the destination with the largest number of passengers. The aiport also handles significant regular domestic traffic volumes to Madrid-Barajas, Barcelona and Palma de Mallorca.
In the summer of 2018, Malaga’s airport will add 53 operators that will connect with 136 national and international destinations throughout 247 routes.
The logistics and technical facilities placed at the disposal of good transport in Malaga are located in Almargen-Cañete, Antequera, Bobadilla, Malaga-Los Prados and Ronda.
Antequera had already been set out as a priority logistics hub in the Strategic Plan to Foster Rail Freight, which was approved in 2010. It is therefore foreseen that Antequera will be connected through the future Basic Goods Network to the ports of Algeciras, Malaga and Cordoba. The latter acts as a “dry port” which will operate as a logistics and customs clearance complex for sea, rail and road freight.
With these and other actions, like the completion of the Mediterranean Corridor, an effort is being made to turn Andalusia into the “gateway to southern Europe” for rail freight.
Located in strategic areas, next to metropolitan areas, ports and airports, the logistical areas offer companies important advantages, such as closed and monitored facilities, intermodality with different transport systems, infrastructures and high capacity telecommunications, and a wide range of specialized services and tertiary equipment. All this means that the implementation of a company in this kind of area reflects savings from 7 up to 12% of its total costs.
Andalusia currently has four fully operational intermodal logistics areas that are in the process of enlargement: Cordoba, the Bay of Algeciras, Malaga and Seville. There are also plans to develop areas in Huelva and Motril (Granada), with exact locations being studied.
In addition, in 2017 the preparation of the Functional Plan of the Logistic Area of Andujar was approved, which determines that it is a centre of regional interest that will allow intermodality between the highway, the railroad and the maritime connections.
The final goal of all this is that the eight Andalusian provinces have a logistics area connected to the freight railroad, in a clear commitment to intermodality with road and maritime transport, since these networks will facilitate the access of goods to The Trans-European Main Transport Network, through the Mediterranean and Atlantic corridors approved by the European Union.
Malaga Logistics Area
The Malaga Logistics Area is structured around two functionally integrated sectors, Trevenez and Buenavista. It offers operating solutions to provide the necessary logistics and goods distribution conditions to ensure transport sector companies and groups can work efficiently.
The surface area of the Trevenez sector measures 27 hectares. It is a multipurpose space for road haulage and regional goods distribution firms, as well as for their ancillary companies. These companies receive a set of services specifically adapted to their needs.
Factors like proximity and direct access to important points of consumption and activity in the city of Malaga, as well as connectivity with all road, port and airport infrastructures and the wide range of services offered have led to an occupation rate of 94.7%. A total of 103 companies employing 1,700 workers have established themselves in the area.
In April 2018 it is announced that this area will allocate a space of 1,300 square meters destined to house the installation of a new distribution centre for an express transport company.
The facilities have a built surface of 1,300 square meters, of which 1,000 will be used for warehouse and provision of services related to urgent transport matters and 300 for offices and customer services. It is estimated that these new facilities will generate about 45 new jobs,-direct and indirect-. The company will invest more than 900,000 euros.
On a similar note, a very well known electronic commerce multinational will, presumably, be hosted on a 13,000 square meters plot north of the Guadalhorce industrial park.
Regarding the Buenavista area, its implementation is pending environmental processing. This project would include a residential area for 1,362 council houses and another business that is expected to move companies from the San Rafael industrial park, where the extension of the boulevard on the high-speed rail and more than three thousand homes are planned.
Special Malaga Logistics Area Plan of Supramunicipal Interest
In 2012, the Andalusia Regional Authority’s Department of public works and Housing submitted to public consultation the Special Malaga Logistics Area Plan of Supramunicipal Interest, through which the Buenavista expansion will be carried out. The project has been allocated a budget of 12 million euros and it regulates space measuring 35 hectares in Sector II, where a logistics site has been planned containing storage and loading areas, an amenities area with capacity for industrial and commercial vehicles, an administrative and services area, and space for roadways and open spaces.
This expansion will double the surface area of the current Malaga Goods Transport Centre measuring 27.25 hectares, which is already in operation in Sector I. Though both sectors are not contiguous, they will be linked by two of Malaga’s main transport links, the Guadalhorce Expressway and the future Second Western Ring Road.
Antequera Logistics Area
The Antequera Logistics Area deserves to be mentioned in this section, given its importance as the largest of the eleven areas that compose the Logistics Network of Andalusia.
The works on this logistics area could be tendered during 2018. The new complex will reinforce the role of the municipality of Malaga as a strategic enclave in the transport of goods and will be the largest in Andalusia, with more than 392 hectares.
The action project foresees the creation of a rail freight terminal with direct access to the ports of Malaga and Bay of Algeciras -197,000 square meters-, an area of implementation of logistics warehouses, with 367,000 square meters, and another of specialized services for the transport and complementary activities, with 47,000 square meters.
The Antequera Logistics Area will be located around the Bobadilla station, where the internal (Algeciras-Madrid) and coastal (Algeciras-Barcelona) branches of the Mediterranean rail corridor intersect, and the A-384 road will connect this logistics centre with the A-92 and A-45 carriageways. For the project’s execution, a first phase of 70 hectares has been defined, which includes the railway terminal, logistics plots and tertiary use.
The first phase of the works, which affects an area of more than 106,000 square meters, will involve a total investment of 40.1 million euros. Out of this amount, 14.2 million will be contributed by the regional government and the rest by a group of companies integrated into the company Puerto Seco Antequera, owner of part of the land. The other necessary lands will be obtained through expropriations with the preferential processing of the declaration of regional interest.
The continuity of the second phase will be conditioned to the reports of environmental assessment and guarantee of water resources, which will be carried out by the Junta de Andalucía’s Department of Environment and Territory Planning.