In 2018, the total traffic of the port of Malaga reached 3.33 million tons, thus reaching the best data of the last six years.
In the above-mentioned exercise, container traffic has almost doubled thanks to the new agreement between Noatum and Maersk, and the improvement of the facility’s endowment. This is joined by the return of freight trains from Madrid, under a trade agreement that includes Malaga in its service rotations between the Mediterranean and Canada.
Moreover, according to data from the Port Authority, the reorientation of commercial activity, through the commitment to agri-food bulk, the incorporation of new shipping companies in the field of goods and the evolution of the import of new vehicles, in addition to improved service in connection with North Africa and consolidation of cruise ship traffic were the main lines of work that took place during the past year.
In more detail, the movement of containers is the one that increased the most last year, with 935,332 tons, an increase of 91 percent.
As for bulk traffic, liquids and solids differ. In the first case, the port enclosure moved 66,606 tonnes during 2018, with a significant decrease from the previous year. For solid bulks, 1.6 million tonnes were reached last year, highlighting cement and clinker; cereals and their flour, and I think and forage.
The importation of new vehicles through the port, which increased by 17.4 per cent compared to 2018, with a movement of 64,332 units, also needs to be mentioned.
Passenger traffic between the ports of Malaga and Melilla has registered an increase of 21% compared to 2017. Passenger vehicles, i.e. vehicles accompanying such passengers on their journeys, increased by 40%.
It is also important to mention the creation of a direct connection with Tangier, which was operational during the summer for passengers, and throughout the year for goods.
If we are talking about the number of cruise passengers, a total of 506,277 people arrived at port during 2018 on board 296 ships, which is similar figures to those achieved during the previous year.
Malaga-Costa del Sol airport recorded a total of 19,021,704 passengers, 141,313 flight operations and 2,768 tonnes of goods in 2018. In this way, the aerodrome again sets its own record in the number of passengers.
The UK is the destination with the highest volume of passengers. It also has a very significant regular peninsular traffic with Madrid-Barajas, Barcelona and Palma de Mallorca.
The logistics and technical facilities for the transport of goods in Malaga are located in Almargen-Cañete, Antequera, Bobadilla, Málaga-Los Prados and Ronda.
Already in the Strategic Plan for the Promotion of Railway Freight Transport, approved in 2010, Antequera appears as a priority logistical hub. Thus, in the future Basic Commodity Network, Antequera is expected to be connected to the ports of Algeciras and Malaga and with Córdoba, having access from there to much of the national territory and acting as a “dry port” that would function as a logistics complex and transport of maritime, rail and road freight.
With this and other actions, such as the completion of the Mediterranean Corridor, Andalusia is intended to function in the future as the true “gateway of southern Europe” of rail freight transport.
Located in strategic locations, along with metropolitan agglomerations, commercial ports and airports, logistics areas offer companies important advantages, such as having limited and monitored physical facilities, intermodal with different transport systems, infrastructure and high-capacity telecommunications, and a wide range of specialized services and tertiary equipment. All this means that the implementation of a company in such an area translates into savings of between 7 and 12% of its total costs.
Andalusia currently has four intermodal logistics areas in fully working and in the process of expansion: Córdoba, Bahía de Algeciras, Malaga and Seville. In development are those of Almería, Antequera, Granada, Jaen and Bahía de Cádiz, while those of Huelva and Motril, in Granada, are still subject to localization studies. In addition, in 2017 the development of the Functional Plan of the Andujar Logistics Area is approved, which determines that it is a center of regional interest that will allow intermodality between the road, the railway and the maritime connections.
All this, with the ultimate objective of the eight Andalusian provinces having a logistics area connected to the freight railway, in a commitment to intermodality with road and maritime transport, since these networks will facilitate access to the trans-European Main Transport Network, through the Mediterranean and Atlantic corridors approved by the European Union.
Malaga Logistics Area
The Logistics Area of Malaga is structured in two hubs, Trevenez and Buenavista, and offers operational solutions aimed at providing the necessary conditions to work efficiently to companies and groups linked to the sector transport, logistics and distribution of goods.
Trevenez sector, with 27 hectares of extension, is a multipurpose space for companies transporting and distributing regional goods by road and auxiliary companies, which receive a set of services adapted to their needs .
Elements such as proximity and direct accessibility to the important consumption and activity center of the city of Malaga, as well as its connectivity with all road, port and airport infrastructures, together with the wide range of services offered , favor a 100% occupancy level.
In 2019 the expansion of the area of Trevenez Oeste is announced, in which four plots are foreseen for business use, with a total area of more than 92,000 square meters; three green areas that add up to more than 15,700 square meters; a plot for commercial use, about 4,200 square meters; two plots for equipment (sports, more than 3,100 square meters; and social, more than 1,500 square meters); and more than 35,400 square meters for new vials.
Regarding the Buenavista logistic area, its implementation is pending the environmental process. This project would include a residential area for 1,362 VPO and another business to which it is planned to move companies from the San Rafael polygon, where the expansion of the boulevard over the AVE and more than three thousand homes is planned.
Special Plan of Interest of the Logistics Area of Málaga
In 2012 the Ministry of Public Works and Housing of the Junta de Andalucía submits to public information the Special Plan of Interest of the Logistics Area of Malaga, with which the aforementioned expansion of Buenavista will proceed. The project has a budget of 12 million euros and orders an area of 35 hectares – corresponding to sector II – where an enclave of logistical use for storage and cargo ships has been planned, a general services area with capacity for vehicles commercial, administrative and service use, as well as an area for travel and free zones.
This expansion means doubling the area of the current Malaga Freight Transport Centre – already in operation in sector I – consisting of about 27.25 hectares. Although both sectors have no spatial continuity, they will be articulated by two of Malaga’s main communication axes: the Guadalhorce highway and the future second Malaga ringroad.
Antequera Logistics Area
The Antequera Logistics Area, given its importance as the eldest of the eleven areas of the Logistics Network of Andalusia, is worth mentioning in this section.
The new complex will reinforce the role of the Malaga as a strategic hub in the transport of goods and will be the largest in Andalusia, with more than 392 hectares.
Execution project envisages the creation of a freight railway terminal with direct access to the ports of Malaga and Bahía de Algeciras -197,000 square meters-, an area for the implementation of logistics vessels, with 367,000 square meters, and another of services specialized for transport and complementary activities, of 47,000 square meters.
The Logistics area of Antequera will be located around the Station of Bobadilla, where the interior branches (Algeciras-Madrid) and litoral (Algeciras-Barcelona) of the Mediterranean railway corridor are crossed, and the A-384 road will communicate this logistics center with A-92 and A-45 highways.
For the implementation of the project, a first phase of 70 hectares has been defined, including the railway terminal, logistic plots and tertiary use.
The first phase of the works, which will affect an area of more than 106,000 square meters, will involve a total investment of 40.1 million euros.
The continuity of the project in the second phase is conditioned on the environmental assessment and guarantee reports of water resources, to be carried out by the Ministry of Environment and Land Management of the Junta de Andalucía.